The ideal time for planting is autumn and early spring (ie until the vegetation moves). Seedlings that are planted in the fall are well rooted by the beginning of spring and the movement of vegetation and will be ready for the vegetation period.
1. Procurement of fruit seedlings
When purchasing fruit seedlings, special care should be taken to keep the stem and root healthy and undamaged. You should never buy or plant fruit that is damaged. Pay special attention to the fact that the root is not damaged.
Be sure to purchase fruit seedlings from verified sellers. You can buy certified planting material only in registered nurseries.
2. Preparing the planting site for planting
The soil should be prepared before planting. If the land has been cultivated before, it is necessary to repair the structure of the land, and the best way to do that is to make a meadow for a while. Care should also be taken to drain excess water by making drainage.
When planting, the soil should be dry enough to be loose.
3. Digging holes
If the conditions allow deep plowing (rigging) to a depth of 60-80 cm.
On the land that was previously plowed, holes with a diameter of 30-50 cm and a depth of 50 cm are dug.
On the soil that has not been previously plowed, holes about 50-70 cm in diameter and 50 cm deep are dug.
When digging holes or pits, dig by removing the first layer of surface earth (up to 20 cm) from one side and the second layer from the other side of the hole.
4. Soil fertilization
The excavated pit must be fertilized. You can use burnt manure and mix it with a little fine soil that you have already dug. Add about 10 inches of fertilizer to the hole as a planting base, or you can buy humus and use it as a regular fertilizer.
5. Preparing fruit seedlings before planting
Use vine scissors to shorten the stem to the appropriate height, so that it starts to branch immediately after receiving it, cut off the excess side branches, do not leave low twigs or those that will spoil the future appearance of your tree. The root is also pruned by cutting all the thick veins, as well as the damaged veins to the place behind the damage. The veins should not be shortened too much, they should be left to be longer, but the thick ones should have a clean cross-section at the ends with scissors. When doing this, take care to always cut straight, never obliquely, because straight cut and the stem and root heal faster and easier.
6. The procedure for planting prepared seedlings
Place the prepared seedling in the middle of the previously prepared hole, carefully burying the rest of the soil so that the root is well covered. The seedling should be in the ground as long as it was in the nursery. Tread the soil around the seedlings well. The soil is compacted and watered so that the fine soil adheres to the root.
Then put the earth from the depth that we set aside when digging the pit. This is because there is either no weed seed in that country, or there are very few weed seeds, so we do not have to weed our fruit tree every hour, at least for the first year, nor will the land around it be weeded.
Water the plant well.
7. Maintenance of planted seedlings
Planted seedlings in the first year should be watered often, because if we neglect it, and the year is dry, it can be one of the main reasons not to accept the fruit.
Young fruit seedlings, especially those planted in the fall, should be protected from various pests that can damage their trees. Protection is done by wrapping with a net, and in the spring by painting the lower part of the tree.